Use a systematic approach, based on airway, breathing and circulation (i.e., the ABCDEs)
to assess and treat the acutely ill patient.
Undertake a complete initial assessment and re-assess regularly.
Always assess the effects of treatment or other interventions.
Always correct life-threatening abnormalities before moving on to the next part of assessment.
Recognise the circumstances when additional help is required and ask for it early.
Use all members of the multidisciplinary team.
The underlying aim of the initial interventions should be seen as a “holding measure”
that keeps the patient alive, and produces some clinical improvement, in order that
definitive treatment may be initiated.
Remember that it often takes a few minutes for resuscitative measures to have an effect.