Sam Richmond’s greatest professional satisfaction was to have served the population of Sunderland for more than 25 years as a consultant neonatologist at the Sunderland Royal Hospital. However, he also had an international reputation in neonatal research and resuscitation training. Sam was a leader in developing the Newborn Life Support (NLS) course in the UK and helped to establish it in Europe as well as Bangladesh and Palestine. He chaired the NLS Committees for the Resuscitation Council (UK) and European Resuscitation Council from their inception until his retirement. He also co-chaired the neonatal task force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, evaluating evidence and writing guidelines. Sam left a lasting international legacy of effective training and standards in newborn resuscitation.